What Is Gynecomastia ?
Gynecomastia is derived from the combinations of Greek word gynec (feminine) and mastos (breast) , defined as the presence of abnormal or palpable breast tissue in males .the term gynecomastia is introduced by the Galen in the second century AD.
It is not a new illumination , the rising of this illness from evolution of mankind . Peoples have myth about to it is just only an accumulation of fat on male breast ,but in realism it is the severe disease of swelling of breast tissue rarely develop breast cancer or a benign condition, but this is of times associated with testicular atrophy.
60% of average men rate that developed the breast enlargement .30-70% of adult man have tangible breast tissue. The higher pervasiveness experienced by the older groups and those with the health illness
Gynecomastia is the presence of rubbery or a firm mass extending concentrically and symmetrically from the nipple ,usually bilateral but sometimes it can be be the unilateral or asymmetric.
The basic mechanisms of gynecomastia in which the fluctuation in between the testosterone and estrogen hormones .The receptors of these hormones are found in the male breast ,estrogen assist in the proliferation of breast tissue whereas androgen inhibit this process, sequel as the elevation in the production of estrogen hormone for peripheral conversion to estrogen ,whereas the lessen production of androgen by testes and adrenals. Might be possible to have the congenital defects in androgen receptor structure and function or may the displacement of androgen from the receptor. The imbalance of these hormones may occur due to the Increase in the circulating and tissue levels of estrogen and increase respone of receptors towards breast tissue while decrease in the circulation of androgen .
CAUSES OF GYNECOMASTIA :
- If you are an athlete or bodybuilder, probably you have experienced from gynecomastia.
- In the case of bodybuilding and athlete, you are used to testosterone supplementing to improve their physical appearance through testosterone boosting may experience gynecomastia in that time estrogen conversion of the supplemented testosterone is over abundant.
- Steroids can also cause the Gynecomastia.
- Drugs : Drugs can have the Antiandrogen effects which may stimulate the reduce amount of androgen hormone and another is estrogen phile which helps to elevation in estrogen hormone.
- Cirrhosis: Rising of SHBG levels, led to reduction in testosterone.
- Malnutrition: Associated with the less androgen and normal estrogen .
- Male hypogonadism : is the condition in which the disability of body to produce the enough testosterone, the hormone that is responsible for the development of secondary sexual characterictics ,as the aging start you experienced a unfavorable changes like mood swings,erectile dysfunction,loss of body hairs,diminished libido and lack of power due to the decrease level in the testosterone.
- Testicular neoplasm : Presence of tumor along with the gynecomastaia.
Stumbling Block Of Gynecomastia:
This condition can cause pain in the swollen breast .The physical complications that are arise from gynecomastia .It also cause the emotional and physical complications that may cause embarrassment for the fitness and lose self confidence.
How To Safe From Gynecomastia :
If you are suffers from gynecomastia ,you should limit your supplements under the supervision of your trainer. Avoid junk foods and in most of the cases the treatment is the only way to get rid of gynecomastia.
The treatment process is different and vary from person to person because all patients have different mediacal history and records .
Some of the treatment options are the following :
- Watchful waiting
- Medications :The first option usually choosen by a doctor for persistent gynecomastia.The medications are androgen,estrogen inhibitors like danazol ,dihydrotestosterone,testosterone,clomiphen,tamoxifen etc but none of them are approved by FDA (Federal Drug Administration).
- Natural supplements : Tribulus Terrestris, Phytoestrogens,Turmeric,Passion Flower And Red Clover are used as a natural supplements .
- Surgery : surgery is the last option for treatment of gynecomastia when the person not responds towards the medications and have a long term associated gynecomastia .The options for the surgery are liposuction and the direct excision or both. Hematoma,irregular contour or many others signs can be seen as a complication.
- Radiation Therapy : Usually a lot of expenses are required for this therapy and it is not a recommended procedure at all instead of any severity.
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